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光耦的热特性

来源:EDN/作者:Vishay公司 Roshanak Aflatouni and Bob Gee?? 2007年12月04日 ?? 收藏0

  通过管理芯片和周围空气之间的热传递,维持光耦特性,避免失效。

  任何半导体设备的动作依靠其模型温度,这就是为什么电子参数要按照特定温度给出。为维持光耦特性,避免失效,通过管理芯片和周围空气之间的热传递限制温度。不应该超过设计规定的连接温度,即使光耦也许没有被归入“功率器件”的种类。这么做有以下两个原因:

  首先,全面增加光耦长期可靠性,因为任何固态设备的工作温度都与其长期可靠性成反比。因此应该是器件工作在最低的实际工作温度下。其次,某些参数与设备的问题紧密相连,这些随温度而变得参数包括漏电流、触发电流、CTR、骤回电压和电阻。

  进行热计算的三个主要方法是通过使用器件降额值、随温度变化功率图或温度模型。最简单的方法是使用热降额值(假定用功率/度)。然而,制造商非常保守的得到这个数字,所以这个方法不能提供最精确的结果。

  随温度变化功率图与第一种方法非常相似,但是用简单的数字代替,依照随温度变化功率图(图1)。并且,这是一个非常保守的方法,应该非常顾及可靠的设计,但是它也不能提供最精确的结果。

随温度变化功率图

  进行热计算更全面的方法是使用热模型。一些光耦的热模型已经建立,

用于大多数简单精确的计算。

  英文原文:

  Thermal characteristics of optocouplers

  Sustain an optocoupler's performance and avoid failure by managing the heat transfer between the chip and the ambient atmosphere.

  By Roshanak Aflatouni and Bob Gee, Vishay Intertechnology -- EDN, 10/18/2007

  The behavior of any semiconductor device is dependent on the temperature of its die, which is why electrical parameters are given at a specified temperature. To sustain an optocoupler's performance and to avoid failure, the temperature is limited by managing the heat transfer between the chip and the ambient atmosphere. You should not exceed the device's rated junction temperature, even if an optocoupler may not fall into what you consider the "power device" category. This is true for two main reasons.

  The first is to increase the overall long-term reliability of the optocouplers, as the operating temperature of any solid-state device is inversely proportional to its long-term viability. Consequently, you should operate a device at the lowest practical operating junction temperature. Secondly, certain parameters are closely tied to the operating temperature of the device; these temperature-dependent parameters include leakage current, trigger current, CTR, snapback voltage, and on-resistance.

  The three main ways of performing thermal calculations are by using a component derating number, or a graph of allowable power versus temperature, or a thermal model. The simplest approach is to use a thermal derating number (given in power/degrees). However, manufacturers are very conservative when deriving this number, so this approach does not provide you with the most accurate results.


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