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谁敢忽视女性在微波、RF和无线领域的贡献?

Sherry Hess?? 2015年11月02日 ?? 收藏0
今年4月,本文作者在硅谷参加了WIE(Women in Engineering)领导大会。不仅99%的技术女观众让人震惊,主题演讲的豪华女演讲人阵容更让人惊叹——AMD首席执行官Lisa Su、Xerox的CTO Sophie Vanderbroek、思科的CIO Rebecca Jacoby、英特尔副总裁Patty Hatter等等。

如果您计划参加于中国举办的2015年12月的亚太微波会议(APMC),一定要参加12月7日的IEEE MTT-S WIM——“微波工程界的女性特别会议”。该大会将有工程界重量级女性参加,围绕“亚洲多元化”产生现场思维火花碰撞。

以下是文章全文,以及将出席12月7日的IEEE MTT-S WIM——“微波工程界的女性特别会议”的部分女性演讲嘉宾:

How Can Diversity Improve the Microwave, RF, and Wireless Workforce?

Sherry Hess

VP of Marketing, AWR Group, NI

Introduction

This past April, I attended the WIE (Women in Engineering) Leadership Conference 1

in Silicon Valley. Outside of the initial surprise of seeing an audience of 99 percent technical females, the next surprise was the lineup of keynote speakers -- CEO Lisa Su from AMD, CTO Sophie Vanderbroek of Xerox, CIO Rebecca Jacoby of Cisco, VP Patty Hatter of Intel, to name a few. For me, one of the most impactful talks was actually given by a male, Intel CEO Brian Krzanich2. Why? Because he raised my awareness of his recently issued “Diversity Challenge.”

Recapping the speech he gave at CES in Las Vegas at the start of this year, Krzanich said it is no longer good enough to just talk about valuing diversity. We need to have our workplaces and our industry reflect the full availability and talent pool of women and underrepresented minorities.3

The diversity topic is one I’ve discussed with IEEE MTT-S colleagues over the past few years, including a speech on diversity and women in engineering I gave at the International Wireless Symposium (IWS) in China a few years ago.

Statistics from the Society of Women Engineering show that there are significantly more women in engineering in China than in Europe or the USA: 43 percent of engineers in China are women, and there are also a significant number of women students and professors. An article from SciDevNet, More Asian Women Find Success in Science, states that a growing number of Asian women are making inroads in science and technology. Changing policies and laws that promote gender equality, as well as changing cultural perceptions on women’s roles, more supportive families, and the presence of female role models are helping women meet the challenges they face when choosing a science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) career.

Diversity Reaps Benefits

Diversity was also the topic of our Women in Microwaves (WIM) panel at this year’s International Microwave Symposium. With many sources cited saying that diversity is good for business. The New York Times “Women at Work” series, written by Facebook COO Sheryl Sandberg and University of Pennsylvania Wharton School professor Adam Grant, cites research that shows women bring different knowledge, skills, and networks to the table.4 They take fewer unnecessary risks and are more inclined to contribute in ways that make their teams and organizations better, borne out by the fact that successful venture-backed start-ups have more than double the median proportion of female executives of failed ones. This article says raising women’s participation in the workforce to the same level as men could raise the GDP by:

●5 percent in the U.S.

●9 percent in Japan

●34 percent in Egypt

At Internet giant Alibaba, the premiere Chinese e-commerce company, 47 percent of all jobs and 33 percent of senior positions are held by women. Founder Jack Ma calls this “one of the secret sauces for Alibaba’s success.”5

Back to Krzanich, according to a report on Intel's website, women made up 24 percent of Intel's workforce in 2013 and non-Asian minorities made up 14 percent. The “Diversity Challenge” that Krzanichis launching challenges the tech industry to increase the hiring of women and minorities, but in particular for Intel, he has set a goal of full representation in his company's workforce by 2020.He said the company will hold its managers accountable by tying their pay to progress. The company also is investing $300 million to improve diversity, including initiatives to create a pipeline of women and minorities entering the technology field.

Intel’s data suggests that best-in-class companies with the highest level of racial diversity generated 15 times more sales that those with the lowest levels. Companies with C-suite women earn 57 percent or $44 million more than companies without C-suite women. Adding women to an all-male team increases the teams’ group intelligence (how they think and solve problems) by 40 percent.

Perhaps this is something that China already knows or at least within Alibaba?

Conclusion

Clearly, the momentum is building. Krzanich has committed to full representation at Intel by 2020. He says there is a massive change coming that we cannot begin to fathom. He goes on to say, “Like Likes Like.” Everyone is biased towards others like them. The only way to overcome bias is to have enough people with opposing biases on teams to balance that and make decisions that are different.

Alibaba is already well on the way to diversity and is enjoying the fruits of its efforts. Companies such as Intel and Cisco are implementing their diversity commitment worldwide, which will affect not only women in the United States, but in Europe and Asia Pacific as well. Hopefully more tech companies globally will begin to see the value of diversity in their workforces and will follow the lead of companies like Intel and Alibaba in taking real action to implement change.

Call to Action

If you are attending the 2015 Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference(APMC) in China in December, be sure to attend the IEEE MTT-S WIM-sponsored Women in Microwave Engineering special panel session on December 7. This event features some very powerful women engineers and is sure to spark much lively conversation around the topic of diversity in Asia.

图1 系统的总体框图

The panelists thus far include:

● Prof. Wenquan Che of Nanjing University of Science and Technology, who is organizing and will host the special Women in Microwave Engineering panel session.

● Prof. Stella W. Pang, who had worked for many years at the University of Michigan and is currently a chair professor at the City University of Hong Kong.

● Prof. Qiaowei Yuan, who is presently teaching at The Ohio State University on sabbatical from Sendai University in Japan. Prof. Yuan organized the Women in Engineering (WIM) event at APMC 2014 when it was in Sendai Japan and was also part of the IMS WIM Diversity Panel at IMS2015.

● Prof. Xia Xiao of Tianjin University, China, who got her PhD degree in Germany.

● Prof. Xiuping Li of Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, China, who has many academic research experiences in several universities in Asia and Germany.

● As well as myself, Sherry Hess, vice president of marketing at NI, AWR Group and co-chair of IEEE MTT-S Women in Engineering Organization.

Visit apmc2015/for more detailed information about this panel session.


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